Finding the length of vectors, factors, arrays, or lists is a common operation. In this article, we will see how to find the length of R objects in R.

**Length in R**

To get or set the length of vectors, lists, factors, or other objects in R, use the length() method.

**Syntax**

`length(data)`

**Parameters**

The length() function accepts **data **as a required parameter that can be either vector, factor, list, or other objects.

**Return Value**

The length() function returns the size of an R object.

**Example**

```
rv <- 1:5
print("The length of the rv is: ")
print(length(rv))
```

**Output**

```
[1] "The length of the rv is: "
[1] 5
```

Here, we defined a vector that returns the length; otherwise, length returns **NA**.

**How to Set Vector Length in R**

To set a vector length, use the assignment operator (<-) and assign the variable’s new length.

```
rv <- 1:5
print("The length of the rv is: ")
print(length(rv))
length(rv) <- 9
print("The new length of rv is: ")
print(length(rv))
```

**Output**

```
[1] "The length of the rv is: "
[1] 5
[1] "The new length of rv is: "
[1] 9
```

## Find Length of List in R

To find the length of the list in R, use the length() function.

```
rl <- list(c(1, 2, 3, 4))
print(rl)
print(length(rl))
```

**Output**

```
[[1]]
[1] 1 2 3 4
[1] 1
```

From the output, you can see that we did not get the length of each element of the list. It returns the number of entries on our list. If you want to get the length of a single list element, use the following code.

```
rl <- list(c(1, 2, 3, 4))
print(rl)
print(length(rl[[1]]))
```

**Output**

```
[[1]]
[1] 1 2 3 4
[1] 4
```

Now, you can see that the total element of the list is 4.

## Find Length of String in R

To find the length of the string in R, use the nchar() function.

```
str <- "Yello, by Homer Simpson"
nchar(str)
```

**Output**

`[1] 23`

The nchar() function can be used to get the length of a string.

You can also use the length() function, but the output will differ from the above.

```
str <- "Yello, by Homer Simpson"
length(str)
```

**Output**

`[1] 1`

**Conclusion**

**NULL** returns 0. Most other objects return length 1.

That is it for length() function in R.

Krunal Lathiya is an Information Technology Engineer by education and web developer by profession. He has worked with many back-end platforms, including Node.js, PHP, and Python. In addition, Krunal has excellent knowledge of Data Science and Machine Learning, and he is an expert in R Language. Krunal has written many programming blogs, which showcases his vast expertise in this field.