R floor() method returns the largest integer that is smaller than or equal to the value passed to it as an argument. The ceiling() in the R method returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the value passed to it as a parameter.

**floor() in R**

The floor() is a built-in R function that takes the vector or column of the data frame and rounds down those values. The floor() method takes an input, rounds to the nearest integer smaller than the input value, and returns it.

**Syntax**

`floor(numeric_value)`

**Parameters**

The floor() method takes a **numeric_value** as an argument.

- If the
**numeric_value**is a positive or negative numeric value, the floor() function returns the floor value. - If the
**numeric_value**is positive or Negative Zero, the function returns Zero. - If the
**numeric_value**is**NaN**(not a number), then the floor function will return**NaN**. - If the
**numeric_value**is positive or negative infinity, then the function returns the same.

**Example**

```
floor(2.1)
floor(1.9)
```

**Output**

```
[1] 2
[1] 1
```

Even if the value 1.9 is near 2, it still returns the lower rounding value, which is 1 in our case; that is why it returns 1.

**Find the Floor value of negative value in R**

To get the floor value of negative value in R, use the floor() function. The floor() method takes a negative value as an input and returns its floor value.

```
floor(-2.1)
floor(-1.9)
```

**Output**

```
[1] -3
[1] -2
```

Both floor() and ceiling()** **values will round the given input values. But the floor function will round off the lowest nearest values, which should also be less than the input value.

**Calculating floor value of a Vector**

The floor() method takes up the Vector as an argument and rounds down all the vector values without decimal places so as no decimal values are left.

```
rv <- c(1.11, 3.9, 2.1, 1.9, 1.8, 2.9)
floor(rv)
```

**Output**

`[1] 1 3 2 1 1 2`

**R floor() function with an expression**

We can apply the floor() function to an expression.

`floor(2.1 + 1.9 - 4.6 + 1.8 + 2.9)`

**Output**

`[1] 4`

**Applying floor() function to a data frame**

To calculate the floor of a column in a data frame, use the floor() method. We use the built-in dataset **mtcars **and apply the floor() function to the **wt **column.

```
data(mtcars)
head(mtcars)
cat("\n")
cat("Floor values of wt column", "\n")
cat("\n")
floor(mtcars$wt)
```

**Output**

```
mpg cyl disp hp drat wt qsec vs am gear carb
Mazda RX4 21.0 6 160 110 3.90 2.620 16.46 0 1 4 4
Mazda RX4 Wag 21.0 6 160 110 3.90 2.875 17.02 0 1 4 4
Datsun 710 22.8 4 108 93 3.85 2.320 18.61 1 1 4 1
Hornet 4 Drive 21.4 6 258 110 3.08 3.215 19.44 1 0 3 1
Hornet Sportabout 18.7 8 360 175 3.15 3.440 17.02 0 0 3 2
Valiant 18.1 6 225 105 2.76 3.460 20.22 1 0 3 1
Floor values of wt column
[1] 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 5 5 5 2 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 1 2 1 3 2 3 2
```

You can see from the output that the floor() function returns the nearest values of the input.

**Conclusion**

R language provides the mathematical functions such as the floor() and ceiling() to calculate the mathematical operations such as finding the nearest values of the input.

That is it for floor() function in R.

**See also**

Krunal Lathiya is an Information Technology Engineer by education and web developer by profession. He has worked with many back-end platforms, including Node.js, PHP, and Python. In addition, Krunal has excellent knowledge of Data Science and Machine Learning, and he is an expert in R Language. Krunal has written many programming blogs, which showcases his vast expertise in this field.