How to Lint a Code in R

To lint a code in R, you can use the “lint()” function from the “lintr package”. The lintr package is a linter for R code, which checks your code for potential errors and helps you follow best practices for writing clean, readable code.

How to install the lintr package in R?

To install the lintr package, install it from CRAN with the following command:


OR use the R GUI and install packages directly from the CRAN library.

Once the package is installed, you can load it into your R session with the library() function:


To lint an R code, use the lint() function that takes a character string containing your code as an argument.


# Code to lint
code <- "data <- c(11, 21)"

# Lint the code


Error in file(con, "r") : cannot open the connection
Calls: lint ... read_lines -> withCallingHandlers -> readLines -> file
In addition: Warning message:
In file(con, "r") :
cannot open file 'data <- c(11, 21)': No such file or directory
Execution halted

The lint() function returns a list of messages indicating potential issues with your code. You can then use these messages to improve your code and make it more reliable and readable.

One thing to remember is that the lintr package only checks for potential issues in your code. It does not guarantee that your code is error-free and does not fix any errors automatically. It is up to you to review the linting messages and make the necessary changes to your code.

That’s it.

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