The col() method returns a matrix of integers indicating their column number in a matrix-like object or a factor of column labels.
col() Function in R
The col() is a built-in function that gets the column number of a matrix. The col() method accepts two arguments and returns the number of a matrix.
col(x, dim, as.factor = FALSE)
- x: It is a matrix-like object that is one with a two-dimensional dim.
- dim: It is a matrix dimension, i.e., an integer-valued numeric vector of length two (non-negative entries).
- as.factor: It is a logical value indicating whether the value should be returned as a factor of column labels (created if necessary) rather than numbers.
The col() function returns an integer (or factor) matrix with the same dimensions as ‘x’ and whose ‘ij’-th element is equal to j (or the ‘j’-th column label).
To create a matrix in R, use the matrix() function.
vt_1 <- c(12, 2, 2, 6) mtrx_1 <- matrix(vt_1, nrow = 2, ncol = 2) print(mtrx_1)
[,1] [,2] [1,] 12 2 [2,] 2 6
Now, let’s use the col() function to get the column number of a matrix.
vt_1 <- c(12, 2, 2, 6) mtrx_1 <- matrix(vt_1, nrow = 2, ncol = 2) col(mtrx_1)
[,1] [,2] [1,] 1 2 [2,] 1 2
That’s it for col() function in R.